There Is No Marshall Plan for Iraq

18 December, 2018
Baghdad skyline (Photo: Getty Images)

An American volunteer on a recent mission in Iraq observes the state of the country.

Greta Berlin

On June 5, 1947, in an address at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall introduced a European recovery program that would be financed by the United States to the tune of 12 billion dollars (about $100 billion by 2018 estimates). More than 16 European nations accepted the money to jumpstart their economy. What few of us ever talk about is that the Marshall Plan hugely benefited the American economy1 as well, for most of that money would be used to buy goods from the United States, goods that had to be shipped across the Atlantic on American merchant vessels. The US government viewed this as a win-win situation where do-gooders could financially help European nations while (in their minds) halting the advance of Soviet influence across the continent, and money could be made all around. After all, the United States doesn’t do anything for free. Our country prospered, as companies were able to find markets in Europe and sell their products.2 And who paid for all of this? Why the American taxpayer, of course, convinced that we would stop Communism if we agreed to this huge payout.

Wires over Baghdad (Photo: Greta Berlin)

But there is no Marshall Plan for Iraq. In fact, there is no Marshall plan for the Middle East. It is to the benefit of the current Axis of Evil (to turn an Orwellism on its head)—the US/Israel/Saudi triumvirate—to keep the Middle East in constant chaos.

It doesn’t take long to see what the US has done to Iraq. You just have to go and spend time there. For me, it was teaching Reconciliation English for five weeks in Najaf, Iraq, a conservative Shia city where Muqtadā al-Ṣadr3 lives in an encampment so heavily guarded, it almost looked like the behemoth that is called “the American Embassy” in Baghdad—one of the ugliest and most intimidating places I visited while there.

In Najaf there is debris in the streets and on the sidewalks everywhere, and people just walk around it, seeming not to see it any longer. Some days, there is no sun, only a hazy look of orange dust that shimmers straight out of a ‘Mad Max” scene. When it rained for three days while I was there, the sky actually turned blue for a few hours and the air smelled of rain and sweetness before the dust swept back in and covered everything. The cars, the shops, the outdoor cafés, the kid’s playgrounds; everything is covered in dust. And it’s not the “OK… they are close to a desert, dust.” It’s sticky, yellow grit.

The electricity goes off and on, and the Iraqis just smile and say, “give it 20 minutes and the private generators will kick in. It’s more expensive, but what can we do?” There are wires everywhere, hanging from poles just above the heads of pedestrians, but it seems to work.

You can’t drink the water, except the poorer Iraqis do drink it. If at all possible, people buy water or have a filter system in their homes. Sami, the founder of the school for Reconciliation English, gives people a demonstration every time a visitor comes from abroad, to show them what the water looks like. The US war machine has poisoned the water sources. For example, pollution in the Tigris river is contaminated with war waste and toxins, and residents of smaller impoverished cities are often left with no alternative but to drink it.4 (The other main river is the Euphrates, and that’s not much better, as oil wastes are pouring into it.) 

Greta Berlin teaches English in Najaf (Photo courtesy of Greta Berlin)

And then there is the land. When I arrived and was driven into Najaf, I could see small white and grey structures dotted across the landscape alongside some of the roads. I asked what they were. “Greenhouses,” was the reply from Mustafa. “You see, we can’t plant anything in the ground any longer. It’s contaminated by uranium and dioxins, so we buy most of our fruits and vegetables from Iran or Turkey. The beautiful displays of fruits and vegetables you’ll see in the market all come from somewhere else. We have started raising our own tomatoes and cucumbers in the greenhouses.”

It was all said so matter-of-factly.

During the five weeks I spent in Iraq I found I was the only person constantly outraged. The US military has poisoned Iraq’s water, ground and air to such a degree, no one knows what the lasting impact will be.

And yet… and yet…during the Al Arbaeen march to Kerbala, the Iraqi people fed more than 15 million pilgrims, took care of them, gave them shelter and provided medical care for them, all at no cost. I was stunned at the generosity and kindness as I watched the march unfold.5

Meanwhile, the young women and men teaching English at Sami’s school would listen to my stories and wistfully wonder if they would ever be able to travel to “the West,” since the US (even though it has lifted the ban against Muslims from Iraq) told my teacher friend Katie Sunshine Struble and me that “Under no circumstances will we ever give any of these people visas to visit the US,” (some of them had already visited and were all professionals). “You have no idea who we keep out of the US for your protection.”

When I demurred and said I doubted we were in any danger from the Iraqis who had already been vetted, the horrid man from the Embassy actually said, “We turn away almost everyone from Nigeria for your benefit. You have no idea who tries to stay in the US.” Then, looking at the two of us who were fair-skinned and blonde, he actually said, “And we refused three people from Sweden as well.”

I will never forget that visit to the American Embassy in Baghdad, particularly the walls and sniper towers that reminded me of similar walls and towers I’ve seen in Palestine. How could I forget the sneering contempt we faced when we tried to talk about visas (okay, we did say we were coming to talk about shipping books, then changed the subject) and the entirely oppressive atmosphere? I ended up with flashback PTSD from the times I was faced with the same suffocating behavior in occupied Palestine.

And yet… I never once felt anything but respect and kindness from every Iraqi I encountered. They know the difference between the American military, which invaded and destroyed their country, and the American people, something lost on most Americans.

Ana asifa, my dear Iraqi friends…ana asifa*.

* I’m sorry.

Greta Berlin is a writer living in France who cofounded the Free Gaza movement to sail boats to Gaza to break Israel’s siege.